This post is actually part of another article, how to find the right job, please go through the other article “How to Get a Job” as well.
Making the Right CV:
The most critical step of all is to make the right CV, your CV should always be according to the latest market trends, three years back Objective was an integral part of resumes , today its waste of potential space, four – five years back we used to list out Personal information like father name NIC number Marital Status on the top / front page, this list now contains fewer items and falls on the last page of your CV.
The second most important thing is your CV should match to the job you are applying to, specifically for the entry level positions, the freshers have a generic degree and they fit in a wide cadre of jobs, and to compensate the lack of experience they fill up the CV with all sorts of information matching all types of requirements, DO NOT DO this, make sure you modify your CV as per the job requirements, I understand that some of you might have experience in say both Web Development and Network Programming, but if the recruiter is not looking for that then by entering information and projects about these two skills will only confuse the recruiter waste his time and at the end will damage your chances of getting short listed. If you feel changing the CV for every job is tough and time consuming, make multiple copies with each resume catering and highlighting one SPECIFIC set of skills.
The third very crucial thing is DO NOT LIE, in the second step I have said to modify the CV this modification by any chance do not mean that you should lie about the skills you do not have or the projects you have not done. The recruiters are professional people, and it is their job to analyze the resume, one look over it and they know how much you have lied in the document and trust me it gives the worst impression, probably you might sneak through the first filter but the moment you are in the interview and the panel realizes that you have lied in your resume, they would grill you like anything for wasting their time and this grilling will make you demotivated and will break your confidence for any future interview. Hence Do NOT Lie, have some faith its a career and you should start it on the right foot. Be TRUE in your CV
Coming towards the components of Resume, the market trend changes every now and then, as of yet what’s in.
With the advent of internet the worse thing is Over Flow of information, in the past a recruiter had 10-20 CVs to look in and decide which is a better potential candidate, I remember when I started my career we were told that your CV has three minutes to make an impression, gradually this interval became one minute and Nowadays a recruiter has ONLY 30 seconds to review and judge your CV, only after the 30 seconds he will decide if he has to put you in the second review list or not. So be sure whatever you enter on the first page is the most relevant.
2. Contact Info:
The first and most important section in your resume is contact information, I have personally seen a CV of a pretty promising candidate who had all the qualification but didn’t write the contact information and I had to look through various records in order to reach him, not every recruiter does that, hence always make sure that your contact information is at a highly visible location, also addition of a document footer with your Name, CV Page and your phone number is a good practice. Also always make sure that your contact information is most recent.
3. Email Addresses:
Though a pretty stupid yet most frequent seen mistake, your CV is a professional document, even if you have an email address since the grade 8, if it is of the likes of boogieman47@XYZ.com or sweet_princeses@ABC.net PLEASE do not add it to your CV, try getting a serious looking email firstname.lastname is normally the easily available address on various free email services or F.Lastname can do the trick, if you can’t get any other reasonable looking email address, add some random number to your first name, make sure that random number is not your birth year.
4. Bye Objective Welcome Profile:
Writing I want to be The Best of the best as an objective is as old as a floppy disk now, the time has changed and so are the fields in resume, now you write Profile on the top most section of your CV, the level of Profile is right after your Name and contact information. Your profile should give a brief intro about you and the things you can do in NOT More than 2 lines. Use key words instead of complete sentences i.e. instead of writing “I am a Computer Engineer and have interest in Programming C language, I have also worked on Cisco Switches” what you should write is “Computer Engineer with expertise in C Programming, Data Networks specifically Cisco”, this not only gives a mature look to your resume but also saves precious space.
5. Experience,Qualification and Certification:
These three sections are the most shuffled sections of your resume, you have to change the order as per the job requirement you are applying to.
6. Certification and Trainings:
If you have got a training on some specific technology, make sure you have got the certification from an International or National credible authority, the training certificates of small institutes and colleges are useless, hence if you get a training get a certification in it asap, I know it is costly, but with out a certificate from Cisco even your CCIE training is no match to a CCNA certificate holder, and this is valid for all the trainings be it Computer or some other technical training in Electronics, Safety or Ticketing. You should have a certificate from a reputed standardized organization to compliment your profile
This section is gradually getting obsolete, however this is a personal favorite and highly useful if you are a fresh graduate or have done projects which were not directly under your current job description but were completed by you because of any reason.
Since in certain case the list of projects is quite long, hence I recommend keep all the projects in CV and delete the unnecessary ones while sending the CV. However, if you feel lazy (which you should not) in that case 2-3 projects are more than enough in this area, Projects section should never be on the first page, it is a second page item. However, if you are at entry level and trying to use projects to complement experience then it can come on the front page as well.
This section is pretty important during entry and mid level positions, again use key words here instead of sentences, if overall look of CV allows you can add the skills in columns.
9. Hobbies and Interests:
This section has gone completely obsolete, if you just want to fill up some space use Interest section instead of Hobbies and in the interest section even only add the professional interest i.e. web development or blogging etc, don’t enter Playing Football or cricket unless you are applying on some special quota.
If you have a valuable membership i.e. of a national or internationally acknowledged body like PEC / PMDC / IEEE / ICMA do include it in your CV, as sometimes companies need certain certified members to bid in specific tenders. But membership of a local gym or cricket club is again a big NO.
10. Personal Information:
Once on the top now this section falls in the bottom, do not add unnecessary information like Father’s name and Blood group here, they don’t need to know your height, gender or age here as well, the only things which should be included here are If you have a driving license, passport number (if you are not a national for security check), languages you speak or any other information which you think might be of interest to the employer
This section is also near obsolete, normally a reference can be furbished upon request is used, I personally recommend adding one or two previous bosses as a reference, so that the employer knows that you have not lied. Or if you have a friend/relative already working in the company you are applying, you can mention them as a reference only after their consent.